So now that the Comics Cube! has released its list of most important superheroes post-1938 who originated in comics, it's time for the most important superheroes who originated outside of comics.
Obviously, the definition of a superhero is pretty loose when we get outside of comics, since superhero costumes are pretty singular to the comics medium. So for this post, we'll define superheroes as people with special abilities or highly developed skill sets to fight crime and the evil, such as vampires, demons, and the forces of darkness. (Oh dear, did I give one entry away?)
This list does not include mythological beings and Victorian-era characters such as Peter Pan and Sherlock Holmes. Sorry, folks, but that would really limit the selection. Much like I didn't include pre-1938 characters on the previous list, I won't go too far back from 1938 on this one. It'd be like saying that Achilles inspired stories that inspired stories that inspired stories that inspired Superman.
Honorable mention goes to The Incredibles. An incredibly fun film - one of the two best that Pixar has ever put out - and with well-done comics produced by Boom! Studios. Still, it's been six years, and I don't see them as having made a visible impact.
Honorable Mention also goes to Tarzan of the Apes, which was a very influential comic, though I'm not convinced of the character himself being as influential as the ones in the top 5.
Gladiator, the title character of a 1930 novel by Philip Wylie, has superhuman strength, bulletproof skin, and a high leaping ability. He uses these abilities to make ends meet, fight in World War I, explore the wilderness, and try to effect social and political change.
That's right, it's the same basic concept as the original version of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster's Superman, and the only reason it's not higher on this list is because Siegel and Shuster denied being influenced by it (this may have something to do with a lawsuit), and that its influence is more "accepted" by the experts than actually "confirmed."
4. Buffy Summers
The title character of Buffy, the Vampire Slayer is herself very influenced by comics. Creator Joss Whedon has said that the dynamics of Buffy and her friends are loosely based on the Fantastic Four, and there's a lot of X-Men and Avengers influence. What Buffy did, though, was to bring superhero and genre-loving fandom to the forefront of pop culture. Here was the story of a girl who was discovering her powers, and Whedon and company used those powers as metaphors for everyday life. It was heavily inspired by archetypal Marvel Comics - the entire concept of Buffy sounds like the entire original concept of Spider-Man - and Buffy Summers brought that kind of thing to the attention of the rest of the world and had them say, "Hey, maybe there's something to this, after all." Don't believe me? Turn the TV on and look at Smallville. Yes, that's Superman. But it exists because Buffy was there first. Look at Heroes. You think that kind of comic book-inspired narrative would have been there without Buffy to pave the way?
Buffy was responsible for a lot of other innovations as well, most notably making people realize that there's nothing wrong with having a female protagonist (sadly, this seems to be ignored in large doses, still). But I think the real telling influence of Buffy is the fact that Joss Whedon's name on a comic book sells in large droves, and a Whedon panel or feature at a Comic Con is always packed.
3. Doc Savage
First appearing in 1933, created by Henry Ralston and John Nanovic, and published by Street & Smith, Doc Savage was one of the archetypal pulp heroes. He was an explorer, who had keen detective skills, great strength and endurance, and incredible intelligence. Along with another character, they represented a dichotomy in pulps that is prevalent in superhero comics to this day with Superman and Batman, with one being a more fantastical character with lots of elements that are full of wonder, while the other is a darker, more riveting character.
Doc Savage is a heavy influence on many characters, what with his devices and keen intelligence and wealth (that should pretty much sum up 90% of the Golden Age heroes, including Batman). But the one that he has the most palpable influence on is Superman himself. Doc Savage's real name is Clark. He is called the Man of Bronze, much like our favorite Kryptonian is the Man of Steel. And Doc Savage has a Fortress of Solitude in the arctic regions - decades before Superman had one.
2. Conan the Cimmerian
Come now, I'm sure everyone's heard of Conan the Barbarian at this point. Created by Robert E. Howard in 1932, Conan is the template from which all barbarian/fantasy/sword-and-sorcery heroes are somewhat based. And yes, that includes that He-Man guy.
Having said that, that's probably the shortest description I've ever come up with. That's probably some kind of record, and that's because that's all that really needs to be said.
1. The Shadow
Also published by Street & Smith and created by Walter B. Gibson, Lamont Cranston is The Shadow, star of pulp magazines and a really famous radio show, partly because he was voiced, for a while, by Orson Welles.. He makes up the Batman half of that dichotomy with Doc Savage that I spoke about earlier, and he is archetypal of so many Golden Age characters, so much so that people still want to write about him today.
The most notable influence of The Shadow can be seen in the pages of Detective Comics. That guy with the bat on his chest wasn't just heavily influenced by the Shadow; he practically ripped off the Shadow. Many of Batman's first adventures were direct lifts of Shadow stories, including the first one. Or they were lifted off of other pulp stories from other characters, who themselves were ripping off the Shadow.
Who knows what evil lurks in the hearts of men? The Shadow knows!
Did I miss anyone? Let me know!
Next Week: The Top Five Most Important Pre-1938 Superheroes Who Did Originate in Comics!